Child Care

Glossary of Terms

Core Knowledge and Core Competencies:
Core Knowledge identifies the range of knowledge that adults working with young children need to facilitate child learning and development.

Core Competencies identifies the observable skills that adults working with young children need to facilitate learning and development.

CPR Certification:
As defined by State Child Care Licensing Rule:
The individual must become certified in infant-child cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) through either the American Heart Association, the American Red Cross or another entity providing the applicant with hands-on-skills testing as part of the training.

Credential Subject Areas:
(Referencing specific subject areas for the Council for Professional Development, Child Development Credential (CDA)

  1. Planning a safe, healthy learning environment
  2. Steps to advance children’s physical and intellectual development
  3. Positive ways to support children’s social and emotional development
  4. Strategies to establish productive relationships with families
  5. Strategies to manage an effective program
  6. Maintaining a commitment to professionalism
  7. Observing and recording children’s behavior
  8. Principles of child growth and development

Demonstrated Work Experience:
Experience working in programs providing child care, early education, school-age care, or other support services for children and families. Examples of other “support services” may include, but are not limited to, early intervention, family literacy child food and nutrition and child care licensing programs. Work experience focused on promoting the professional development of practitioners is also recognized.

Early Care and Education:
Refers to services provided to children between birth and 8 years of age such as child care centers, group family child care, family child care homes, preschools and Head Start programs.

Refers to individuals who actively pursue continuing education and demonstrate a professional commitment to working with children, youth and families. Examples include, but are not limited to: child care workers, Head Start employees, preschool teachers, administrators, and program directors and supervisors.

Professional Development Conference:
A conference designed specifically to address issues affecting children and the professional development of individuals who work in the early childhood and out-of-school time fields. 

Examples include state and national organization conferences such as, but not limited to:

  • Council for Exceptional Children Conference,
  • South Dakota Association for the Education of Young Children (SDAEYC) Conference,
  • South Dakota Child Care Providers Association Conference,
  • South Dakota Head Start Association Conference
  • South Dakota School Age Care Association Statewide Conference (SoDakSACA)

Professional Leadership:
Participation in a role that involves promoting professionalism in the early care and education and youth development related activities that go above and beyond the scope of normal employment specifications.  This can include, but is not limited to:

  • Leadership position in a recognized professional organization
  • Board member of a statewide or national professional organization
  • Author of a published article relevant to early childhood or out-of-school-time issues.
  • Coordinator or committee member or a recognized professional development conference
  • Recipient of an award specific to the profession
  • Head Start Peer Review Team Member

Professional Organizations:
Must be affiliates of either state or national organizations including professional organizations such as:

  • South Dakota Association for the Education of Young Children (SDAEYC),
  • South Dakota School Age Care Alliance (SoDakSACA),
  • Council for Exceptional Children,
  • South Dakota Child Care Providers Association
  • South Dakota Association for Child Care Directors’
  • South Dakota Head Start Association
  • South Dakota Children’s Coalition.

Related Field of Study/Related Degree:
Refers to college courses or related degrees that specialize in the field of early care and education, family and consumer sciences or human development child and family studies.  Related degrees include coursework focused on child growth and development, youth development and curriculum development. Examples of related field of study include, but are not limited to:  family and community relations, professionalism, assessment, inclusion and field experience. Each application will be reviewed on a case by case basis to determine degree and/or course relation to the fields of early childhood care and education.

Required Education Areas:
(Referencing U.S. Department of Labor, Apprenticeship Program Standards)

  1. Ensuring a safe, healthy learning environment
  2. Promoting children’s physical and intellectual development
  3. Nurturing children’s social and emotional development
  4. Providing positive guidance
  5. Collaborating with parents
  6. Program preparation, planning, implementation, professional evaluation

School-Age Program:
Refers to the care and education services provided to children between 5 and 12 years of age sometimes referred to as out-of-school time (OST) care.

Specialty Areas of Education

  1. Child development and learning
  2. Curriculum development and implementation
  3. Professionalism
  4. Family and community relationships
  5. Assessment
  6. Supervised field experience
  7. Inclusion

State Registered and Licensed Programs:
There are currently four types of state licensure and one type of registered care programs by the State of South Dakota.  To become licensed or registered, a child care provider must contact their local licensing office.

  • Registered Family Daycare: The care of 12 or less children in the provider’s own home. Registration is voluntary; however, it is necessary for a Pathway’s participant to move beyond Level I on the Career Lattice.
  • Licensed Group Family Daycare: The care of 13 to 20 children in the home or other type of facility.
  • Licensed Day Care Center: The care of 21 or more children.
  • Licensed Before & After School Center: The care of 13 or more children. The facility cares for only school-aged children.

Supervised Practicum Experience:
Experience working with children and families as a requirement of a program of study from a recognized technical or higher education institution. Supervised practicum experience is countable toward total hours of work experience.